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The best abdominal exercises

The best abdominal exercises are the key to achieving firm and beautiful abdominal muscles. Whether you want a slimmer waist, better body coordination, or simply want to strengthen your core, the right abdominal exercises can help you achieve your goals. In this article, we will introduce the most effective exercises for strengthening the abdomen, along with a description of the correct technique and the benefits that these exercises bring. Regardless of your fitness level, you’ll find exercises here to help shape and strengthen your abs. The importance of strong abdominal muscles

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Strong abdominal muscles are key to the health and functionality of the entire body. Abdominal muscles, also known as core muscles, form the center of the body and provide stability and support for other muscle groups. Strengthening them has many benefits, including a better physique, improved body coordination and injury prevention.

1. Supporting the right figure.

Strong abdominal muscles help maintain a proper figure and better posture. They improve muscle balance and prevent unnatural movement of the spine, which can reduce the risk of back pain.

2. Improving body coordination.

Strong abdominal muscles contribute to better body coordination and stability. They are crucial for performing movements such as lifting heavy objects, running, weight training and many other physical activities.

3. Core strengthening.

Abdominal muscles form the basic muscle group that forms the core of the body. It is responsible for transferring power between the upper and lower body. A strong core improves performance in sports and helps with normal daily activities.

4. Injury prevention.

Strong abdominal muscles help stabilize the spine and protect other muscle groups from injury. For this reason, it is important to include exercises to strengthen the abdominal muscles in the exercise regime. In the following sections of the article, we will discuss the best abdominal exercises that will help you achieve strong and firm abdominal muscles and contribute to the overall health and performance of the body.

The best abdominal exercises

We’ve summarized basic abdominal exercises that are simple, effective, and can be done anywhere. Whether you’re a beginner or an advanced exerciser, these exercises will help you build strong, toned abs. We will focus on the plank, classic crunch, legs in a sling, floating bicycle and Russian twist. We will describe the correct technique for performing these exercises, their benefits for the body, and offer options for variations for those who want more of a challenge.

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The plank is an exercise that focuses on strengthening the entire core of the body, including the abdominal muscles, spine, lumbar and upper limb muscles. In the plank, one leans on the forearms and the tips of the feet, while keeping the body in a straight connection.

Correct plank technique

• Lie on your stomach and push yourself onto your forearms and toes.

• Keep your body in a straight line from head to toe. Keep your shoulders above your elbows and squeeze your abs.

• Concentrate on maintaining the correct body position and hold the exercise for 30 to 60 seconds.


Benefits of plank exercise

• Strengthens the abdominal muscles, thereby improving the stability of the body’s core.

• Increases the strength and endurance of the whole body.

• Helps improve posture and figure.

• Contributes to better body coordination and stability.

Variants of the plank for the advanced

• Side Plank: Similar to the plank, but you lean on your hip and forearm. It also strengthens the lateral abdominal muscles.

• Plank with two points of support: You lean on one forearm and one leg, the other leg is raised in the air. It increases the difficulty and strengthens the stability of the core of the body.

• Shift Plank: You move your forearms and hands forward and backward while keeping your body in a straight line. Improves stability and coordination.

Classic crunch

The classic crunch is one of the most famous exercises for strengthening the abdomen. It focuses on strengthening the upper and middle abdominal muscles.

Correct execution technique

• Lie on your back and bend your knees with your feet firmly on the ground. • Place your hands behind your head or on your chest and tighten your abs.

• Slowly lift your upper body, lifting your head, shoulders and shoulder blades off the mat.

• Do not lower completely and keep tension in the abdominal muscles.

• Repeat the exercise 10 to 15 times.

Benefits of crunch exercise

• Strengthens the upper and middle abdominal muscles.

• Improves muscle definition and creates a firmer figure.

• Helps stabilize the spine and improves posture.

Additional variants of crunch

• Reverse crunch: Lifting the legs with bent knees towards the chest. It strengthens the lower abdominal muscles and improves stability.

• Weighted crunch: When crunching, hold the dumbbells on your chest or add them to the machine. Increases resistance and strengthens abdominal muscles.

• Lateral V-Crunch: In a crunch, raise yourself to the side while rotating your torso. It strengthens the lateral abdominal muscles and improves muscle symmetry.

Legs in a sling

Description of the “Legs in Hang” exercise is an exercise in which you hang from the bar and raise your legs towards your stomach.

Correct execution technique

• You are hanging from the bar with your arms outstretched and your shoulders relaxed.

• Slowly raise your legs upwards, try to touch them to your stomach.

• Maintain control and tension in the abdomen throughout the entire range of motion.

• Repeat the exercise 10 to 15 times.

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Benefits of hanging leg exercise

• Strengthens the abdominal muscles, especially the lower part.

• Improves core strength and body stability.

• Develops flexibility and mobility of the pelvis and hips.

Exercise modification options

• Bent legs in a sling: Instead of lifting straight legs, lift bent legs towards the chest. It will reduce the difficulty of the exercise.

• Alternating legs: Lift your legs alternately, one at a time, this improves coordination and engages the side abdominal muscles.

Floating bicycle

Description of the exercise “floating bike” is an exercise that simulates the movement of the legs while cycling. You lie on your back and alternately lift your legs with your knees bent, like pedaling a bicycle.

Correct execution technique

• Lie on your back with your hands behind your head.

• Slowly raise the right knee towards the chest, at the same time try to touch the right elbow to the left knee.

• You alternate legs and arms, as when pedaling a bicycle.

• Maintain a steady rhythm and tension in the abdomen.

• Repeat the exercise 10 to 15 times for each side.

Benefits of exercise floating bike

• Strengthens and shapes the abdominal muscles, especially the oblique muscles.

• Improves coordination and stability of the body’s core.

• Burns calories and promotes fat burning.

Variations of the floating bike

• Bicycle with leg lifts: When lifting the leg, keep it in the air and lift it upwards, it increases the difficulty of the exercise.

• Bicycle with spread: While lifting your leg, spread at the same time and try to touch your right hand to your left knee and vice versa. It strengthens the lateral abdominal muscles.

Russian twist

Description of the exercise Russian twist is an exercise that focuses on strengthening the lateral abdominal muscles and trunk rotation.

Correct execution technique

• Sit on the mat with your knees bent and your back straight.

• Lift your legs off the ground so that an angle of about 45 degrees is formed between your thighs and your torso.

• Hold your hands in front of you and slowly rotate your torso to the right and left, trying to touch the ground with your hands on each side.

• Maintain stability and tension in the abdomen.

• Repeat the exercise 10 to 15 times for each side.

Advantages of the Russian twist exercise

• Strengthens the lateral abdominal muscles and improves their definition.

• Develops flexibility and stability of the trunk.

• Improves trunk rotation and functional mobility.

Alternatives to the Russian twist

• Russian twist with a medicine ball: Hold a medicine ball or dumbbell in front of you and rotate your torso to the right and left.

• Russian twist on the fitness ball: You sit on the fitness ball and rotate your torso to the right and left, thereby engaging the core muscles and balance.


Regular abdominal training is a key step to achieving strong, firm and developed abdominal muscles. It is important to remember that abdominal exercises should not only be about the aesthetic appearance, but above all about the health and functionality of the body. Strong abdominal muscles contribute to a better figure, improved posture and injury prevention. In addition to regular abdominal training, it is important to pay attention to a balanced diet and proper nutrition. While exercise can help build strong muscles and improve your physique, success also depends on your eating habits.

Aim to eat balanced meals that contain enough protein, healthy fats, fiber and nutrients. At the same time, you should monitor your calorie intake and maintain a reasonable energy deficit if your goal is to lose weight. Drinking enough water is also important for the body to function properly and to optimize performance during exercise. Finding a balance between exercise and proper nutrition is key to achieving desired results and staying healthy. Give your body enough rest and sleep to recover and regenerate after workouts. Remember that a healthy and balanced approach to exercise and nutrition is a long-term path to sustainable improvements in health and fitness.



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